How often during the day we see or hear about the things that we want to say about «I’ve seen that somewhere before»? It may be a new song, in which we by some miracle recognized the hit of the 80’s, or a movie the ending of which seems to us more obvious than its beginning.
People who like to take advantage of the results of someone else’s work were enough at all times. But such a large number of cases of plagiarism as observed today have never happened before. But what caused such a trend?
One of the reasons for the increase in cases of copyright infringement is, most likely, the emergence of the Internet, thanks to which students of different ages are gladly download from the network essays, abstracts, term papers and other scientific works offered there, then with impunity, or almost with impunity, try to present them as their own ones created during sleepless nights.
Before discussing the types and forms of plagiarism, it should be noted that its classification is quite relative.
The following types of plagiarism can be distinguished:
It is sometimes impossible to distinguish intentional plagiarism from unintentional. Intentional plagiarism may be not only an author’s plagiarism, which implies the deliberate assignment of authorship of someone else’s work (in full or in part), but also advertising plagiarism.
Advertising plagiarism is most commonly found on the Internet. How does it work? Advertising plagiarists (in order to attract more buyers and visitors) use popular names and titles as headlines or keywords.
Unintentional plagiarism (imitation; borrowing; accidental similarity; coincidence of ideas or discoveries, expressed or made by different authors; etc.) to some extent can be found in any, even a completely new article, regardless of its theme and structure.
In general, everything new created by one or another author is based on the knowledge and experience of many predecessors, which although formally are not considered to be co-authors, but exactly that’s what they are. This should be borne in mind.
Unintentional plagiarism can be broadly classified into subconscious and random. The first one means that the writer, having received a huge bulk of information in the process of research, can use some already used by other authors. At the same time, writers can do not remember or understand that actually steal someone’s thoughts, and sincerely believe that these decisions and conclusions were made on their own.
The so called random plagiarism, which is common in scientific literature, consists in the fact that different people independently of each other can come to the same conclusions, decisions, and even inventions. Sometimes even the way of expressing these thoughts may be almost the same.
100% copy of the work
The second form implies presentation in your article information, often from various sources, obtained as a result of the work of other people, but without specifying the author; creating an article by retelling someone else’s work; use in the work results of collective research without indicating the names of specialists who participated in the scientific experiment.
One of the most important problems that bona fide bloggers, writers, authors face with is plagiarism. It negatively affects the promotion of blogs (as well as other types of websites) and can push search engines to apply sanctions.
Regardless of whether plagiarism is good or bad, in our life these phenomena occur more often today. Now, when we have figured out what are the forms and types of plagiarism, I hope these concepts became more understandable for you. What to do with it and whether it is worth doing anything at all – it’s up to you.